The human body is always attempting to maintain homeostasis or balance, and for this reason, many medications that are taken for a long period of time cause the body to adapt and change. Therefore, stopping a medication, like clonazepam abruptly can sometimes create unbalance in the system and can lead to uncomfortable and possibly dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
When stopped abruptly, some medications are more likely to be problematic than others are. Among those likely to cause problems are antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and anti-anxiety medication.
Don’t Stop Your Medication…Yet
Although it is tempting to think it’s no big deal to quit a medication at any time, it can lead to complications and even dangerous situations. They include the following:
1. Withdrawal Symptoms
When the body adjusts to the presence of a medication, it develops a dependence on the drug in which the body needs the drugs in order to feel normal. When the medication is stopped, the body recognizes that it is missing what has become normal.1
Withdrawal symptoms are common in this situation and generally are opposite in nature from the drug’s actions and similar in nature to the original condition for which the drug was taken. Flu-like symptoms are also common withdrawal effects from many substances.
- Antidepressants – Withdrawal from antidepressants can cause insomnia, confusion, anxiety, panic, agitation, nightmares, and worsened depression. People may also experience fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, muscle spasms, headaches, and loss of coordination.
- Antipsychotics – Abrupt discontinuation of antipsychotic medication can lead to anxiety, involuntary muscle movements, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, parkinsonian symptoms, and a severe relapse of psychotic symptoms.
- Lithium – When abruptly discontinued, people who have been taking lithium to stabilize moods may experience mood instability and a relapse of mania.
- Benzodiazepines – Benzodiazepine drugs, often prescribed for anxiety disorders, can cause serious withdrawal symptoms including seizures, tremors, hallucinations, heart palpitations, insomnia, nausea, and increased anxiety.
2. Difficulty Determining True Health Status
It may be difficult to determine the nature and extent of the condition for which the drug was originally prescribed. As noted, abrupt discontinuation of many medications leads to withdrawal symptoms that mimic the underlying condition for which the drug was taken. This can make it very difficult for both patients and their healthcare providers to determine the patient’s true health status. This, in turn, makes the best course of treatment difficult to know.
3. Lost Treatment Time
If the medication must be restarted, time can be lost. Many mental health medications work by balancing neurotransmitters, which can take time to build. It can take four weeks or more for antidepressants to change brain chemistry to the extent that symptom improvement is noted. If drugs are stopped abruptly and then need to be resumed, there may be a gap of weeks to months where symptoms are not being effectively treated.
4. Risk of Worsening Other Conditions
The body is an interconnected system, and an imbalance in one area can lead to problems in others. Some health conditions are more difficult to address in patients with untreated depression, and when patients are taking multiple medications, abruptly stopping one can lead to an imbalance and improper dosing of others. Mental health conditions and addiction often co-exist, and when mental health symptoms rebound, the substance abuse and addiction risk may rise.
Tapering Off Medication for Mental Health Conditions
Generally, when discontinuing medication for mental health conditions, the best course to follow is to taper off the drug slowly under a doctor’s supervision. Harvard Medical School suggests that when patients wish to wean off antidepressants that they allow two to six weeks, or even longer, between dose reductions. Dose reductions can be managed with pill cutters in some cases or with liquid formulations.2
The best tapering schedule for any given individual will vary based on the drug, current dosage, length of time on the medication, and personal health history. This is why it is extremely important to always be under the care of a supervising physician when adjusting any medication.
Symptoms should be continually monitored. If an increase in symptoms is seen after a dosage reduction, it may be wise to add back half of the dose that was decreased. Other options may include switching medications within the same class to better manage withdrawal.
We Can Help
If you need treatment for addiction to drugs like clonazeapm, or for co-occurring addiction and mental health conditions, we can help you find the assistance you need. Call us at 706-914-2327. Our knowledgeable and compassionate admissions coordinators can answer questions you may have and help you understand your treatment options.
1 “Tolerance, Dependence, Addiction: What’s the Difference?” NIDA for Teens. 12 January 2017.
2 “How to taper off your antidepressant.” Harvard Health Publishing. 2 April 2018.