A white powder once called a designer drug due to its high cost, cocaine is now a substance commonly used across all populations. Some people snort the powder. Others dissolve it in water and inject it with a needle. Still others combine it with various substances to create small rocks of crack, so called because of the crackling sound they make when heated.
The effects of the drug vary according to:
- The amount of the dose
- The frequency of the doses in a using period
- Other substances in the person’s system
- The existence of underlying mental health symptoms
Depending upon these variables, cocaine can make the user act friendly, very engaged in conversation and overwhelmingly energized – or it can make them irritable, hostile, restless and unable to interact with others.
The signs of cocaine abuse can allow family members to take action, helping their loved one into treatment before it’s too late. Call now for more information on treatment options for addiction offered here at Black Bear Lodge.
Under the Influence
Are you not sure if your loved one is high or just having an exceptionally bad – or good – day? Cocaine produces intense and rapid mood swings in a brief period of time that are difficult to explain away.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports that cocaine triggers the pleasure pathway in the brain, which usually translates into a euphoric high for users that lasts for only five to 10 minutes. After this point, in most cases, those who are under the influence of the drug will often:
- Move quickly
- Talk fast
- Seem overly animated
- Be unable to slow down or focus
- Be unable to sleep
- Be unable to eat
After the drug has been in the system for about 20 minutes, irritability and discomfort set in – sometimes paranoia and suspicion of others as well – and, to relieve these feelings, many need more of the drug. Those who use cocaine often retreat to the bathroom or a private place to continually take more of the drug every 15 to 20 minutes.
Slang Terms for Cocaine
After the High
The days following the cocaine use period are often just as revealing of the problem as the time under the influence. Family members are often privy to this part of the cycle of drug abuse, which can aid them in identifying the suspected drug problem.
After a period of bingeing, cocaine users will often crash. They may feel tired, lethargic, depressed and be completely unanimated for days. Many will crave the drug, feeling that using cocaine is the only way to fend off these uncomfortable feelings.
There are also physical issues that can occur after a cocaine binge. These will vary depending on the method of ingestion but can include:
- Runny nose
- Nose bleeds
- Lost sense of smell
- Marks at the injection site
- Abscesses at the injection site
Cocaine Abuse and Addiction Treatment
If you believe that your loved one is living with a cocaine abuse or addiction problem, don’t wait for things to spiral out of control. Intensive psychotherapeutic treatment and intervention can help them to put cocaine abuse in the past and move forward toward a more healthful and balanced future.
Learn more about our unique, evidence-based cocaine addiction treatment program here at Black Bear Lodge by calling now. We’re standing by to assist you.